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Clinical Specialties - Cancer

Prostate Cancer

Uro Oncology MDTProstate Cancer MDTProstate cancer is the second most common cancer diagnosed in men in Australia1 and the third most common cause of cancer death. One in 7 men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer by the age of 85. It is more common in older men, with 63% of cases diagnosed in men over 65 years of age.

In 2014, 18,291 new cases of prostate cancer were diagnosed in Australia according to the Cancer Council, and there were more than 3000 deaths in 2015 caused by prostate cancer.

The San's Prostate Centre operates at the fore-front in prostate diagnosis and treatment, with some of the most advanced technology in the world today at our fingertips. Our leading edge diagnostic services include world class equipment for accurate prostate diagnosis, and our highly skilled urologists specialise in the most up-to-date medical and surgical treatments - and they have our state of the art facilities and caring staff to support them.

About prostate cancer

The prostate is a walnut-size gland that makes and stores semen, a milky liquid that nourishes sperm. It is located below the bladder in front of the rectum and surrounds the upper part of the urethra, the tube that empties urine from the bladder. Because of the location of the prostate gland in the body, diseases of the prostate (both cancerous and noncancerous) may affect bladder and sexual function. Nerves and blood vessels that control erectile function are near the prostate and can be affected by prostate cancer or treatment for prostate cancer.

Early (localised) prostate cancer has not spread outside the prostate. There are two stages of advanced prostate cancer:

  • locally advanced prostate cancer where the cancer has spread outside the prostate to nearby parts of the body or glands close to the prostate
  • metastatic prostate cancer where the cancer has spread to distant parts of the body.
What are the symptoms of prostate cancer?

Many men with prostate cancer do not experience noticeable symptoms and the first sign of the disease is an abnormal finding on a routine screening exam. However, symptoms can include:

  • frequent urination, or waking more frequently during the night to urinate
  • pain on urination
  • blood in the urine or semen
  • trouble starting or holding back urine flow, or a weak stream
  • pain or stiffness in the lower back, hips, or upper thighs
  • painful ejaculation or trouble having an erection


Experiencing these discomforts doesn’t necessarily mean that you have prostate cancer. Some of these symptoms can also be caused by a non-cancerous condition called benign prostatic hyperplasia, an enlargement of the prostate gland.

For more detailed information on the extensive range of diagnostic and treatment services at the San, see our Prostate Centre information.

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Sydney Adventist Hospital Clinical Specialties and Services